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英语题型的说明及应试技巧

2006-01-18 00:00:00 |  作者: cheng |   来源:  |  查看:

一、词汇与结构题 这部分考题主要测试学生对单词、短语及语法的学习、掌握和运用情况。 1.词汇题 词汇题设计到的考点多是课本中所列出的单词,学生应在平时多积累词汇量,对课后的词汇应逐一反复练习,以达到熟练掌握,准确使用。除单词外应注意词语的固定搭配,即短语、习语。如:catch with,look forward to,take care of,be afraid of,key to,in front of等。这些短语按中心词可分为动词短语、形容词短语、名词短语和介词短语,平时应多加注意,掌握其结构和用法。 另外,英语词汇中还有许多词在音、形、义等方面很容易昆淆,因此考生在这方面应保持清醒头脑进行词义辨析。此类题通常是在同词性词或词组间进行。例如: ①名词及词组 journey,trip,tour,travel,in advance ②形容词及词组 alive,live,living,lively efficient,effective,be keen on ③副词及词组 fast,quickly,swiftly,soon,rapidly,as soon as ④动词及词组 lie,lay,lie(说谎),attribute,contribute,distribute,devote oneself to 做词汇方面的题时考生应掌握以下技巧: (1)善于寻找句中的关键词及与答案有关的信息词。例如: The ___________ people even didn't know how to club with along,heavy stick. A.primary B.modern C.foreign D.ancient club意为“用棍棒围猎”,连“用长而重的棍棒去围猎”都不知道的只能是Primary people,即“原始人”。而ancient People意为“古代人”,意思不确切。故答案为A项。 (2)?利用构词法来猜测单词的意思,从而选出正确答案。例如: All people got ___________ when they hnew that they had been invited to the Party. A.excited B.entertainment C.extremely D.friendship “知道被邀请后,所有人都变得……”,此处应用形容词。B、D项以-ment和-ship结尾,均为名词,而C项以-ly结尾,大多为副词。故选A项。 (3)使用排除法。如果所给选项中有认识的单词,可把认识的词填在空白处看是否合适,合适则为答案,不合适则排除,这样可大大降低盲目性,提高正确率。 2.语法结构题 语法结构部分包括的内容比较广泛。常考且较难掌握的项目为:动词时态、被动时态、非谓语动词、虚拟语气、形容词和副词的比较级、主谓?致等。 (1)形容词和副词的k6她注要掌握以下几点: ①两者经比较后结果?样,用as……as结构。如 He is as tall as my brother. Tom runs as fast as Peter. ②两者经比较后,一个比另一个有优势,用more than结构。如: He is taller than my brother. Tom runs faster than Peter. 这儿请注意比较级前的修饰词,如much,a little,a bit, a lot,even,still,a great deal等。如: This job is so much harder than my last one. ③两者经比较后,一个不如另一个,用not as (so)…as结构。如: He is not as(so) tall as my brother. Tom doesn't run so fast as Peter. ④表示两个过程按比例同时递增,用the more…the more结构。如: The older I get,the happier I am. The sooner you start,the more quickly you'll finish. ⑤注意more than 的其他用法,more…than…用来作一般比较时用more形式或-er形式。而用作“与其说……不如说……”来讲时,只能用more形式,不能用?er形式。如: He is more good than bad. He was less hurt than frightened. 作此意讲时,它可用来连接除形容词、副词外的其他词。如: He is more a student than a worker.

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